What is Hyperpigmentation?
Freckles, discoloration on the cheeks, darkening of the skin around the lips — these are skin concerns that you or someone you know has most likely experienced. According to dermatologists, 2 out of 5 people experience hyperpigmentation in their life. But what exactly leads to some areas of your skin darkening while others remain as is? Let’s dig deeper.
Why Causes hyperpigmentation to Develop?
Essentially, hyperpigmentation often represents darkening of skin caused due to any number of potential reasons such as UV damage, acne, breakouts, harsh chemicals, and even hormonal fluctuations. Anything that causes inflammation in the skin can send a signal to melanocytes — the cells responsible for the production of melanin — to go into overdrive and start producing more melanin than usual.
What are the Types of hyperpigmentation
While the mechanism of inflammation is similar, not all hyperpigmentation looks the same. Each type of skin discoloration can have a specific cause and you cannot treat it properly without understanding the underlying issue.
Sunspots: Sunspots, also known as solar lentigines or liver spots can appear as a result of extended exposure to sunlight. You can get these on any part of your body but they’re mostly visible on areas that remain exposed such as your face and arms. Once they appear, they are pretty much permanent but you can definitely lessen their severity by using the right products and avoiding further UV exposure. For instance, HNR-3 technology of hexylresorcinol, niacinamide and retinyl propionate has been clinically proven to reduce pigmentation within four weeks of use.
Melasma: Melasma is a specific type of hyperpigmentation that most commonly affects women of reproductive age. It starts gradually and becomes more severe as time passes and can often be seen as tan to brown patches on the cheeks, forehead, and upper lip region. While melasma can have undetected triggers, increased estrogen levels have been linked to the problem. Hormone balancing medication, reduced exposure to the sun, and using topical products containing clinically–proven ingredients like hexylresorcinol and niacinamide can help reduce the severity of melasma.
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation: Pigmentation that is a result of injury or acne is categorized under this category. This often presents as darkening of the area where the injury occurred. Those with cystic acne can develop dark spots after the pimples themselves have healed. These are however much easier to treat than melasma and using technologically-backed ingredients that have proven to show results can be extremely beneficial here. Our dermat-approved technology containing hexylresorcinol, niacinamide and retinyl can visibly lighten these blemishes, even out the complexion and hydrate the skin within 4-8 weeks of use.
How to Treat pigmentation from the root.
Skin discoloration is a result of melanin synthesis, causing darker patches to appear in certain areas. However, protecting your skin from UV exposure and using expert solutions that have been proven to reduce pigmentation can go a long way in helping restore the natural color and texture of your skin.