The Tenets of Hyperpigmentation
You might know that skin colour comes from haemoglobin, carotenoids, and melanin pigments. Your skin complexion largely depends on the size, shape, type, colour, and distribution of melanosomes – specific melanin-containing cells produced by melanocytes. And when these melanin pigments are distributed unevenly, it manifests as hyperpigmentation. You may notice it as small patches around the sides of the eyes, mouth, and forehead or cover larger areas – even the entire body.
Some widely known types of hyperpigmentation are sunspots, melasma, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, and dark spots.
But what leads to the dysfunctionality of melanosomes?
To understand it, you must first know the different layers of the skin.
Layers of the Skin: The skin has three layers – epidermis, dermis, and hypodermis. Each layer plays a different role in maintaining the skin's health.
Epidermis: The outermost layer of the skin contains cells called melanocytes, which are responsible for melanin production. Melanin is responsible for different skin tones.
Dermis: It is the thickest layer, located right beneath the epidermis. It contains the blood vessels, sweat glands, nerve endings, hair follicles, and proteins like collagen and elastin.
Hypodermis: It is the last and innermost layer. It has fat and collagen cells to protect the vital organs from physical shock.
Now, let's understand the physiological changes and interactions leading to skin pigmentation.
The Stages Of Skin Pigmentation
Your skin goes through triggers, inflammation, melanocyte overproduction, and skin discolouration, leading to hyperpigmentation.
The primary triggers for hyperpigmentation are excessive sun exposure, hormonal imbalance, and skin injuries. These cause inflammation like blemishes or pimples on the skin surface.
After experiencing triggers, your skin starts to overproduce melanin, resulting in dark patches on the skin. It also affects skin cell regeneration. Now that your skin is not regenerating cells, it results in hyperpigmentation.
The most common types of hyperpigmentation are dark spots, sunspots, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation and melasma. Many people across the world experience these skin conditions. But very few people see visible results in reducing hyperpigmentation with skin treatments.
Why are you not seeing results for hyperpigmentation?
Many people experiencing hyperpigmentation are concerned that their dark patches are not fading away even after using many serums and creams. The commonly used skincare products that claim to reduce hyperpigmentation containing kojic acid, alpha arbutin, hydroquinone, etc., don’t show visible results. The main reason is these ingredients do not work on all the root causes. They are inefficient in reducing hyperpigmentation completely.
The most common side effect of kojic acid is contact dermatitis, itchiness, etc. At the same time, alpha arbutin and hydroquinone can irritate the skin, manifesting as acne, increased sun sensitivity, redness, etc. Plus, their overuse damages the skin barrier, worsening the condition. Hence, they do not provide a complete solution individually for skin pigmentation. Therefore, experts advise using a blend of high-science technologies that work on all the stages of hyperpigmentation.
The Advance Technology To Beat Hyperpigmentation
Experts back the revolutionary VB3+HR+RPC technology to work on the root causes of hyperpigmentation. It is a blend of three ingredients – niacinamide, hexylresorcinol, and retinyl propionate combined with a retinol booster – working together to reduce hyperpigmentation in four weeks. When used in this scientifically formulated solution, these ingredients work together to soothe the skin, reduce melanin production, and promote cell turnover. It is clinically proven to deliver even skin tone in eight weeks.
Although hyperpigmentation is not harmful, you need a holistic solution that works on all the root causes. Anything that works on the skin surface will not show any results and worsen the condition. Therefore, you need advanced technology like VB3+HR+RPC that penetrates the deeper layers of the skin without damaging the skin barrier. The technology is clinically proven to reduce hyperpigmentation and provide even skin tone in eight weeks. It is the best holistic solution to reduce hyperpigmentation without any side effects.